The psychometric test is an incredibly useful when testing someone aptitude. This form of test has become very popular as an assessment tool for employers when they are evaluating potential employees. One of the most famous being the psychometric test from Harrison Assessments which delves into more that just aptitude. Their extremely comprehensive test digs deeper, revealing personality traits, strengths, weaknesses, motivations, and quite a bit more.
Princeton University’s dictionary - wordnetweb.princeton.edu defines it thusly;
Any standardized procedure for measuring sensitivity or memory or intelligence or aptitude or personality etc; "the test was standardized on a large sample of students"